Smart Cities and Artificial Intelligence
Smart city applications started to gain momentum with the development of artificial intelligence systems.
About 50% of the people in the world live in cities. By 2050, this rate is expected to rise to around 70%. In other words, the population of our cities will increase by 2.5 billion in the next 30 years. Are our cities ready for this?
Even now, our cities, which face a problem or a threat every day, do not seem quite ready. It is very difficult to provide enough resources and labor to such a population. The inefficient management of our cities, the increase in the number of vehicles and their increasing crowding lead municipalities to Smart City applications.
Many countries in the world have started to develop strategies to prepare for this situation. The world is getting ready for smart cities. The United Nations countries started preparations by publishing the 'Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)' agenda in 2015. You can review it by going to https://sdgs.un.org/. It has entered this transformation process with the 2020-2023 National Smart Cities Strategy and Plan published by the Turkish Ministry of Environment and Urbanization. You can access the strategies and plans of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization at https://www.akillisehirler.gov.tr/.
What is the aim of smart cities? What are smart cities? A smart city is an urban area that uses different types of electronic IoT sensors to collect data and then use the insights from this data to efficiently manage assets, resources and services. The Internet of Things (IOT) is a unique
It is described as a worldwide network created by addressable objects among themselves, and the objects in this network communicate with each other with a certain protocol.
According to Smart City Index 2020 published by IMD (The Institute for Management Development) Singapore is the smartest city in the world. Ankara is the only city in Turkey on the list. While Ankara was 74th in 2019, it was 57th in 2020. You can access the full list at https://www.imd.org/smart-city-observatory/smart-city-index/.
What are smart city applications? Many examples include monitoring vehicle and pedestrian levels to optimize driving and walking routes, monitoring vibrations and material conditions in buildings, bridges and historical monuments, intelligent and weather-adaptive lighting in street lamps, detecting garbage levels in containers to optimize garbage collection routes.
A more livable, environment, human and animal friendly future awaits us with smart city planning.